Appendix One
Appendix Two
Appendix Three
Appendix Four
Appendix Five
Appendix Six
Appendix Seven
Appendix Eight

Appendix 1

Outcome and program statement – Family Court of Australia

Table A1.1: Outcome 2 – Family Court of Australia

Outcome 2: Apply and uphold the rule of law for litigants in the Family Court of Australia through the resolution of family law matters according to law, particularly more complex family law matters, and through the effective management of the administrative affairs of the Court.

Budget
2017–18
($’000)

Actual
2017–18
($’000)

Variation

($’000)

Program 2.1 – Family Court of Australia

Administered expenses

400

302

98

Departmental appropriation

31,965

31,057

908

Expenses not requiring appropriation in the budget year

12,318

10,372

1,946

Total for Program 2.1

44,683

41,731

2,952

Total expenses for Outcome 2

44,683

41,731

2,952

Average staffing level (number)

107

81

The financial statements can be found in Appendix 1 of the Federal Court of Australia’s 2017–18 annual report.

Appendix 2

Staffing profile – Family Court of Australia

At 30 June 2018, the Family Court of Australia (FCoA) had a total workforce of 90 employees.

Of the Court’s 90 employees:

  • 14 (16 per cent) were male and 76 (84 per cent) were female, and
  • 56 (62 per cent) were ongoing employees and 34 (38 per cent) were non-ongoing employees, including casuals.

Staffing by location

Table A2.1: Family Court of Australia: staffing overview by location (actual occupancy as at 30 June 2017 and 30 June 2018 – includes full-time, part-time and casual staff)

Level

ACT

NSW

NT

QLD

SA

TAS

VIC

WA

Total

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

APS 1

APS 2

APS 3

1

1

1

2

1

APS 4

1

1

8

9

4

5

2

2

1

2

6

4

22

23

APS 5

1

2

19

16

8

7

2

2

1

1

7

7

38

35

APS 6

3

1

1

2

5

2

EL 1

2

2

2

1

4

3

EL 2

3

1

12

12

2

3

1

1

5

6

23

23

SES 1

1

1

SES 2

1

1

 

1

2

2

Total

11

6

40

41

0

0

15

16

5

5

2

3

23

19

0

0

96

90

Note: Judicial officers and the CEO and Principal Registrar, who are holders of public office, are not included in this table.

Staffing by gender, classification and location

Table A2.2: Family Court of Australia: staffing by gender, classification and location (as at 30 June 2017 and 30 June 2018 – includes full-time, part-time and casual staff)

Level

Attendance

ACT

NSW

NT

QLD

SA

TAS

VIC

WA

Total

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

APS 3

Female

1

1

Male

1

1

1

1

APS 4

Female

7

9

4

5

1

1

1

2

4

3

17

20

Male

1

1

1

1

1

2

1

5

3

APS 5

Female

1

2

18

14

7

6

2

2

1

1

7

7

36

32

Male

1

2

1

1

2

3

APS 6

Female

2

1

2

4

1

Male

1

1

1

1

EL 1

Female

2

1

2

1

4

2

Male

1

1

EL 2

Female

1

9

10

2

3

1

1

5

6

18

20

Male

2

1

3

2

5

3

SES 1

Female

1

1

Male

SES 2

Female

Male

1

1

1

1

2

2

Total

 

11

6

40

41

0

0

15

16

5

5

2

3

23

19

0

0

96

90

Note: Judicial officers and the CEO and Principal Registrar, who are holders of public office, are not included in this table.

Staffing by attendance status

Table A2.3: Family Court of Australia: staffing by attendance status (as at 30 June 2017 and 30 June 2018 – includes full-time, part-time and casual staff)

Level

Attendance

ACT

NSW

NT

QLD

SA

TAS

VIC

WA

Total

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

APS 3

Full-time

1

1

1

1

Part-time

1

1

Casual

APS 4

Full-time

8

9

4

5

2

2

4

4

18

20

Part-time

1

1

1

1

2

4

2

Casual

1

1

APS 5

Full-time

1

2

18

14

8

6

2

2

1

1

5

6

35

31

Part-time

1

2

1

2

1

3

4

Casual

APS 6

Full-time

2

1

2

4

1

Part-time

1

1

1

1

Casual

EL 1

Full-time

2

2

2

1

4

3

Part-time

Casual

EL 2

Full-time

2

1

8

8

2

2

1

1

4

4

17

16

Part-time

4

4

1

1

5

5

Casual

1

2

1

2

SES 1

Full-time

1

1

Part-time

Casual

SES 2

Full-time

1

1

1

1

2

2

Part-time

Casual

Total

11

6

40

41

0

0

15

16

5

5

2

3

23

19

0

0

96

90

Note: Judicial officers and the CEO and Principal Registrar, who are holders of public office, are not included in this table.

Indigenous employment

At 30 June 2018, the Court had no employees who identified as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander.

Table A2.4: Family Court of Australia: Indigenous staff by location, gender and employment status

Employment status

Gender

ACT

NSW

NT

QLD

SA

TAS

VIC

WA

Total

Ongoing

Female

0

Male

0

Non-ongoing

Female

0

Male

0

Total

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Judicial officers

At 30 June 2018, the Family Court had 33 judges, including the Chief Justice and Deputy Chief Justice; 13 female and 20 male.

The remuneration arrangements for all judicial officers and the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and Principal Registrar are governed by enforceable determinations of the Remuneration Tribunal. Details, including relevant determinations, are available at www.remtribunal.gov.au.

See Part 6 of this report (Management and accountability) on page 60 for more information.

Workforce turnover

During 2017–18, 27 employees left the Court (14 were non-ongoing, 11 were ongoing and 2 were casual employees), representing an annual turnover rate of 30 per cent against total employee numbers at 30 June 2018.

Table A2.5: Family Court of Australia: workforce turnover

Termination reason

Ongoing

Casual

Non-ongoing

Total

Expiration of contract

1

2

8

11

Resign

4

6

10

Retire – Age – 60 to 65 years

1

1

Retire – Age – under 60 years

2

2

Voluntary redundancy

3

3

Total

11

2

14

27

Enterprise Agreement

The Federal Magistrates Court of Australia and Family Court of Australia Enterprise Agreement 2011–2014 continued to operate during 2017–18. The Agreement has a nominal expiry date of 30 June 2014. Court management continued to hold negotiations with the Community and Public Sector Union and bargaining representatives for a replacement agreement to cover all employees of the Federal Court of Australia during the year.

On 5 June 2018, the proposed agreement was approved by employees through a voting process whereby 888 employees voted to approve the agreement out of 927 who cast a valid vote. A total of 1183 employees were eligible to vote. The agreement was consistent with the Australian Government Public Sector Workplace Bargaining Policy. The Court received approval of the new agreement from the Fair Work Commission on 31 July 2018 and the new agreement is due to commence on 7 August 2018.

At 30 June 2018, 86 FCoA employees were covered by the Enterprise Agreement.

Relationship between agreements

Terms and conditions of employment in the Court were governed by one or more of the following industrial instruments:

  • the Federal Magistrates Court of Australia and Family Court of Australia Enterprise Agreement 2011–2014, covering all non-Senior Executive Service (SES) employees except those on Australian Workplace Agreements (AWAs)
  • AWAs
  • individual determinations under s 24(1) of the Public Service Act 1999, or
  • individual common law contracts.

The Enterprise Agreement, like its predecessors, is a comprehensive agreement; however, for some employees, it may be supported by either an individual flexibility agreement, a determination under s 24(1) or a common law contract that provides additional terms and conditions.

AWAs may also be supported by individual determinations under s 24(1) or common law contracts.

Other agreements

Offers of AWAs to court employees ceased from 13 February 2008, in accordance with government policy; however, at 30 June 2018, three employees had enforceable AWAs in place.

In some limited cases, the Family Court has used common law contracts and determination 24 instruments pursuant to the Public Service Act 1999, to build upon existing AWA arrangements.

Employees covered by other agreements

During the reporting period, the FCoA had a total of:

  • three employees on AWAs
  • two employees on common law contracts
  • one employee on an individual flexibility agreement, and
  • three SES employees on determination 24 arrangements.
Table A2.6: Family Court of Australia: Australian Workplace Agreement minimum salary ranges by classification

Classification

Salary range ($)

APS 2

APS 3

APS 4

APS 5

APS 6

EL 1

EL 2

$140,260 to $188,665

SES 1

SES 2

$211,851

Senior Executive Service remuneration

Terms and conditions for the Court’s SES employees are in common law contracts, AWAs and individual 24(1) determinations made by the CEO and Principal Registrar. SES salaries are benchmarked against other public sector agencies and take account of the Court’s budgetary position and the Government’s workplace bargaining policy.

Table A2.7: Family Court of Australia: Senior Executive Service (as at 30 June 2018)

Location

Name

SES level

Victoria

Senior Registrar

John FITZGIBBON

SES Band 2

Australian Capital Territory

Deputy Principal Registrar

Virginia WILSON

SES Band 1

Non-salary benefits

Non-salary benefits provided by the Court to employees include motor vehicles, car parking, superannuation, access to salary sacrificing arrangements, computers – including home-based computer access, membership of professional associations, mobile phones, study assistance, leave flexibilities, workplace responsibility allowances (e.g. first aid, chief and deputy fire warden, community language) and airline club memberships.

Performance pay arrangements

The Court’s industrial instruments do not include provision for performance-based pay to employees. No employees received performance pay during 2017–18.

Salary ranges by classification level

Table A2.8: Family Court of Australia: salary ranges by classification level under the Federal Magistrates Court of Australia and Family Court of Australia Enterprise Agreement 2011–2014 or Determination (as at 30 June 2018)

Australian Public Service (APS) Classification

Salary

APS 1

$44,063

$47,118

APS 2

$48,247

$53,504

APS 3

$56,383

$59,310

APS 4

$63,197

$66,499

APS 5

$68,315

$72,440

APS 6

$74,198

$84,754

EL 1

$94,586

$102,136

EL 2

$111,677

$131,082

Registrar positions

EL 2

$128,152

$133,702

Senior Executive Service positions

SES 1

$175,000

SES 2

$211,851

Appendix 3

Committees

Judicial committees, 30 June 2018

Committee

Terms of reference

Policy Advisory Committee

Chief Justice Pascoe (Chair)

  • To support the Chief Justice in the administration of the Court and to provide strategic advice and policy direction, particularly in relation to legislative, procedural and administrative changes likely to affect the Family Court and its users.

Finance Committee

Justice Benjamin (Chair)

  • To provide judicial input to the Court’s annual budget in relation to the funding and resourcing of judicial work.

Rules Committee

Justice Rees (Chair)

  • To consider all necessary or proposed rule changes. Section 123 of the Family Law Act 1975 provides that a majority of judges may make rules of court in relation to practices and procedures to be followed in the Family Court.

Court Performance Committee

Justice Austin (Chair)

  • To ensure the implementation and maintenance of case management systems designed to achieve maximum efficiency in the discharge of the Court’s work.

Professional Development and Judicial Welfare Committee

Justice Ainslie-Wallace (Chair)

  • To develop, implement and oversee judicial education in the Court by formulating a comprehensive plan for ongoing and extensive judicial education and to provide advice to the Chief Justice on judicial education and welfare issues.

Family Law Litigation Costs Working Group

Justice Stevenson (Chair)

  • To examine the issue of costs (and delays) in family law litigation.

Family Law Review Committee

Justice Strickland (Chair)

  • To advise the Chief Justice on matters pertaining to the review, including the Court’s submission to the Australian Law Reform Commission.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Outreach Committee

Justice Benjamin (Chair)

  • To promote and improve access to justice for Indigenous families, by ensuring the Court’s administration and judiciary work together to enable and facilitate the participation of Indigenous Australians in the Court’s operations and processes.

Family Violence Committee

Judge Hughes (Chair)

  • To provide advice to the Chief Justice, the Chief Judge and the Chief Executive Officer and Principal Registrar of both courts on the issue of family violence.

Children’s Committee

Judge Cole (Chair)

  • A joint committee to explore the work to be undertaken with respect to the involvement of children in parenting proceedings and improving the experiences of children in the family law system.

Research and Ethics Committee

Justice Stevenson (Chair)

  • To consider research proposals that are received by the Court on their merits and against ethical guidelines.

Appendix 4

Judicial activities

In addition to hearing and determining cases, the judges of the Family Court of Australia (FCoA) actively contribute to the development of the law and legal education, both in Australia and internationally.

This is achieved through attending conferences and seminars; membership of relevant bodies; presenting papers and lectures; addressing academic institutions, professional associations and community-based organisations; and meeting international delegations and liaising with judicial colleagues around the world.

Many judges also serve as members of organising committees for conferences as well as working in the community with a variety of legal and non-legal organisations.

A summary of conferences and seminars attended and papers delivered by the Chief Justice and FCoA judges during 2017–18, and other activities undertaken during that period, follows.

Chief Justice John Pascoe AC CVO

Ceremonial sittings for 2017–18

  • 20 October 2017, joint swearing-in ceremonial of Chief Justice Pascoe and Chief Judge Alstergren
  • 1 November 2017, Welcome NSW Silk Bows
  • 30 November 2017, Welcome Victorian Silk Bows
  • 11 January 2018, The Honourable Justice Michael Baumann AM

Professional and other memberships

  • Judicial Conference of Australia
  • LAWASIA Family Law and Family Rights Section
  • International Association for Court Administration
  • Association of International Family Judges
  • Australian Academy of Law
  • International Hague Network of Judges

Conferences attended and papers delivered*

  • 25–29 July 2017, International Society of Family Law World Conference 2017, Family in the age of reproductive technology, paper delivered by Judge Grant Riethmuller
  • 1–5 September 2017, 16th Australian Family Lawyers’ Conference, Here we go again: The Family Law System 40 years on
  • 11–13 September 2017, International Social Service Working Group, Advising the Government of Cambodia in relation to laws on surrogacy
  • 11 October 2017, Welcome speech to delegates of the International Bar Association at the FCoA
  • 27–29 November 2017, Panel discussion, Aboriginal Family Law Conference, Family Law Pathways Network, Greater Sydney
  • 31 January–2 February 2018, International Social Service, Expert Consultation meeting, University of Zurich
  • 6–9 February 2018, Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH) Experts Group on the Parentage/Surrogacy Project, 3rd meeting
  • 6 March 2018, side event, 37th session of the Human Rights Council, Finding the truth – A Judge’s journey through surrogacy
  • 17 April 2018, Hong Kong Family Law Association, Panel speaker on The change of the face of international child abduction
  • 18–20 April 2018, HCCH Global Conference, HCCH 125 – Ways Forward: Challenges and Opportunities in an Increasingly Connected World
  • 30 April 2018, Moderator, Australian Academy of Law, Access to justice: The breadth of the concept of justice seminar
  • 8 May 2018, Anglo-Australasian Lawyers Society, Same old picture – New story
  • 15 May 2018, ACT Law Society Blackburn Lecture, Sleepwalking through the minefield: commercial surrogacy and the global response
  • 25 May 2018, Delegation of judges from the Supreme Court and other courts of Thailand, Sydney
  • 1 June 2018, Delegation of officials from the Supreme Court and other courts of Thailand, Sydney
  • 7 June 2018, 7th LAWASIA Family Law and Children’s Rights Conference, Keynote address: Have we lost the battle on children’s rights?
  • 8 June 2018, 7th LAWASIA Family Law and Children’s Rights Conference, Panellist: Future world – Family law in the next decade
  • 19 June 2018, International Social Service Working Group meeting, update on Principles
  • Attended quarterly meetings of the Council of Chief Justices of Australia and New Zealand

Activities of judges

The Honourable Justice Strickland

Professional and other memberships

  • Law Society of South Australia
  • Family Law Section of the Law Council of Australia
  • Judicial Conference of Australia
  • Association of Family and Conciliation Courts
  • Australian Institute of Family Law Arbitrators and Mediators
  • FCoA representative, Council of Chief Justices Rules Harmonisation Committee
  • Director, Australian Institute of Family Law Arbitrators and Mediators
  • President, Australian Chapter of the Association of Family and Conciliation Courts

Conferences or events attended during the year

  • 17–19 August 2017, 4th Association of Family and Conciliation Courts, Australian Chapter Annual Conference, Melbourne
  • 25 September 2017, presentation on the FCoA to the South Australian Bar Readers’ Course
  • 26 May 2018, Law Society of South Australia and Adelaide Law School, Graduate Diploma of Legal Practice, Advocacy Coaching Clinics
  • 6–9 June 2018, 55th Association of Family and Conciliation Courts Annual Conference, Washington DC

The Honourable Justice Ainslie-Wallace

Professional and other memberships

  • Australian Association of Women Judges
  • International Bar Association
  • NSW Bar Association
  • Australian Institute of Judicial Administration
  • National Judicial College of Australia
  • Australian Academy of Law
  • Master of the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple London
  • Fellow Australian Academy of Law
  • Chair, College of Law Master of Applied Law [Family Law] Advisory Committee
  • Adjunct Professor of Law, University of Technology Sydney
  • Chair, Australian Advocacy Institute
  • Chair, Australian Advocacy Institute Management Committee
  • Visiting Faculty Member, National Institute for Trial Advocacy (USA)
  • Council Member, National Judicial College of Australia
  • Committee Member, National Judicial College of Australia Dialogues Program
  • Steering Committee Member, National Judicial College of Australia Family Violence Training Program
  • University of Technology Sydney High Achievers Mentoring Program mentor

Conferences or events attended during the year

  • 1 July 2017, Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions, Workshop, Sydney
  • 27 August–2 September 2017, Advanced Advocacy Training, UK Advocacy Training Council, Keble College, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • 18 September 2017, University of Technology Sydney, Presentation: Law – Inspirational careers, Sydney
  • 4–6 October 2017, NCJA, Education Conference, Dialogues on being a Judge (also a member of the organising committee)
  • 13 October 2017, Australian Advocacy Institute, Family Law Workshop, Sydney
  • 20 October 2017, Department of Human Services, Workshop, Sydney
  • 22–27 October 2017, National Judicial Orientation Program Conference (and a member of the organising committee)
  • 2 March 2018, Advocacy Labour Law Conference, Sydney. Paper presented: Advocacy skills for union lawyers and industrial officers
  • 10 March 2018, Toongabbie Legal Centre presentation

The Honourable Justice Ryan

Conferences or events attended during the year

  • 29 July 2017, Hunter Valley Family Law Practitioners Association, Hunter Valley Family Law Conference, Hunter Valley. Paper presented: A review of the cases: Oldies but goodies
  • 31 August 2017, Legal Aid NSW, Family Law Conference, Sydney. Paper presented: Latest and greatest: A review of the case law
  • 18 November 2017, Legal Aid NSW, Child Representation Conference, Terrigal. Paper presented: Should I stay or should I go? Does the child’s lawyer have a role in appeals?
  • 24 April 2018, Legal Aid NSW, National Independent Children’s Lawyers (ICL) Online Video Resources, Sydney. Paper presented: The role of the ICL
  • 24 April 2018, University of Technology Sydney. Paper presented: Re Kelvin – Spot the differences
  • 4 May 2018, FCoA, Australian Awards Leadership Forum: Improving Women’s and Children’s Access to the Formal Justice System, Melbourne. Paper presented: Official closing of the programme and recommendations for strengthening women’s and children’s access to justice in the Pacific in family law and violence cases
  • 25 May 2018, FCoA, Thai Judicial Delegation visit, Sydney. Paper presented: Family law and access to justice in Australia
  • 29 May 2018, National Judicial College of Australia, Family Violence in the Court Program, Brisbane. Paper presented: Family violence in the Court program
  • 17–20 June 2018, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and the FCoA, Improving Women’s and Children’s Access to the Formal Justice System, Fiji. Paper presented: The role of the lawyer for children and including children in the court process: Family violence and family law in Australia

The Honourable Justice Murphy

Professional and other memberships

  • Association of Family and Conciliation Courts
  • Australasian Institute of Judicial Administration Incorporated
  • Australian and New Zealand Association of Psychiatry, Psychology and Law
  • Bar Association of Queensland
  • International Association of Court Administration
  • Judicial Conference of Australia
  • Family Law Section of the Law Council of Australia
  • Member, Family Law Section of the Law Council of Australia, National Advisory Council
  • Member, National Judicial College of Australia, Judgment Writing Committee
  • Member, World Congress on Family Law and Children’s Rights, Advisory Board
  • Member, Judicial Conference of Australia, Governing Council Member
  • Chair, Court Excellence Committee
  • Chair, Papers Committee, National Family Law Conference 2018
  • Member, International Society of Family Law

Conferences or events attended during the year

  • 31 July 2017–2 August 2017, meeting with Indonesian Judiciary, Australian Indonesia Partnership for Justice, Melbourne
  • 17 August 2017, University of the Sunshine Coast, Guest Lecture, Sunshine Coast. Paper presented: Reflections from the Bench: There’s no fool like an old fool
  • 5–6 October 2017, Annual Judges Conference, Melbourne
  • 26 October 2017, National Judicial College of Australia, National Judicial Orientation Program, Sydney. Paper presented: Self-represented litigants
  • 19–21 March 2018, National Judicial College of Australia, Judgment Writing Course, Perth. Paper presented: Style and voice

The Honourable Justice Austin

Professional and other memberships

  • Hunter Valley Family Law Practitioners Association
  • Newcastle University Advisory Committee
  • NSW Law Society Working Group
  • Newcastle Bar Association

Conferences or events attended during the year

  • 14–15 July 2017, Family Law Practitioners Association of Queensland, Family Law Residential 2017, Gold Coast. Paper presented: Latest and greatest cases
  • 28–29 July 2017, Hunter Valley Family Law Practitioners Association, Annual Conference, Hunter Valley. Paper presented: Parental responsibility
  • 1 September 2017, Newcastle Bar Association, Annual dinner, Newcastle
  • 8 September 2017, Sydney Bar Association, Annual dinner, Sydney
  • 15 September 2017, Newcastle Bar Association, Banter with the Bench, Newcastle
  • 3–5 October 2017, National Judicial College of Australia, Dialogues Conference, Hobart
  • 23 and 25 October 2017, Newcastle University Law School, Mock Courts, Newcastle
  • 20 November 2017, Newcastle University, Law School Advisory Meeting, Newcastle
  • 10 February 2018, Family Law Section of the Law Council of Australia, Family Law Conference, Sydney. Paper presented: Latest and greatest
  • 24 May 2018, Greater Newcastle Family Law Pathways Network, Family Law Pathways Conference, Newcastle. Paper presented: LGBTIQ families and the law
  • 18–20 June 2018, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Judicial Workshop, Fiji. Paper presented: Enforcement of orders and anonymised judgments

The Honourable Justice Benjamin AM

Professional and other memberships

  • Part-time Deputy President, Administrative Appeal Tribunal
  • Deputy Chair, Academic Committee of College of Law, including the continuing development of Master Qualifications for practitioners in Family Law
  • Committee member, Law Society Indigenous Issues Committee (NSW)
  • Committee member, National Judicial College
  • Chair, Joint Courts Costs Committee
  • Chair, Finance Committee
  • Chair, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Outreach Committee

Conferences or events attended during the year

  • 23 August 2017, live radio interview (The Chat), University of Technology Sydney
  • 10–13 October 2017, Triennial conference, New Zealand Family Law Judges, Christchurch
  • 11–12 November 2017, Law Society of Tasmania, Litigation Conference, Strahan. Paper presented: Bills and taxation of costs
  • 23–27 January 2018, Northern Territory Family Law conference, Darwin. Judges’ Panel
  • 4 May 2018, Moot practice with law students, Centre for Legal Studies, Tasmanian Legal Practice Course
  • 12 May 2018, Riverina Law Society, Annual meeting, Griffith
  • 18–19 May 2018, Tasmanian Family Law Practitioners Association Annual Conference, Ranelagh. Judges’ Panel
  • 5 June 2018, National Judicial College of Australia, presentation for judicial officers, Melbourne
  • 26–28 June 2018, National Forum on Child Protection, Darwin

The Honourable Justice Bennett AO

Professional and other memberships

  • Continuing Presidential Member, Administrative Appeals Tribunal
  • Association of International Family Judges
  • International Association of Women Judges
  • Australian Association of Women Judges
  • Association of International Judicial Administration
  • LawAsia
  • Australian Institute of Judicial Administration
  • Victorian Bar Association
  • Association of Family and Conciliation Courts (International and Australian Chapter)
  • Judicial Officers Aboriginal Cultural Awareness Committee
  • Magistrates Court of Victoria, Family Violence Taskforce
  • Judicial Advisory Group on Family Violence
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Outreach Committee
  • Court Education Committee (FCoA)

Conferences or events attended during the year

  • 3–7 July 2017, HCCH, Asia Pacific Week, Seoul, South Korea. Paper presented: Framework and operation of the 1980 Convention including interaction with the 1996 Convention
  • 18 July 2017, Melbourne University Law School, lunch for new Japanese Consul-General, Mr Kazuyoshi Matsunaga
  • 27–29 July 2017, Law Council of Australia, Hunter Valley Family Law Practitioners Conference. Paper presented: The Operation of the 1996 Child Protection Convention
  • 10 August 2017, Meet the Judges, Leo Cussen. Co-presenter with Judge Stewart of the Federal Circuit Court: What a Judge wants
  • 17–19 August 2017, Association of Family and Conciliation Courts Conference, Melbourne
  • 28 August 2017, moderator, the Role of the Family Court and family law policy in Australia, the best interests of the child, visit of the Philippines delegation
  • 9 September 2017, Judicial College of Victoria, Koori Twilight Series, Lunch and tour of Worawa Aboriginal College
  • 12 September 2017, Leo Cussen Family Law Conference, joint presentation with Judge Stewart of the Federal Circuit Court: Leniency and the self-represented litigant – How far should it extend?
  • 6 October 2017, Judges Conference and Education Day, Melbourne
  • 10 October 2017, Chair, Drafting Committee for Recommendations, 7th Hague Special Commission, The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1 November 2017, Sir Zelman Cowan Centre Oration, Dame Hazel Genn
  • 14 November 2017, Judicial College of Victoria, Koori Twilight Series, The experiences of Aboriginal lawyers
  • 7–8 December 2017, Seminar on the 1980 Hague Convention in Asia Pacific, Tokyo, Japan. Paper presented: Court proceedings in Hague return matters
  • 11 December 2017, Seminar, the 1980 Hague Convention in the Asia Pacific, Tokyo, Japan
  • 8–9 February 2018, the Role of Children in 1980 Hague Child Abduction Convention Proceedings, Workshop, Otago New Zealand. Paper presented: The child’s objection to return and discretionary non-return of the child under Article 13 of the 1980 Convention
  • 27 February 2018, Judicial College of Victoria, Koori Twilight Series, Self-determination and treaty – The Victorian story
  • 7 March 2018, International Arbitration procedure and the Courts, The Hon Justice John Middleton, Melbourne
  • 22 March, 2018, Leo Cussen continuing professional development Marathon, Melbourne. Paper presented: Dealing with self-represented litigants (pre-court and at court)
  • 15–20 April 2018, HCCH 125, Ways Forward Challenges and Opportunities in an Increasingly Connected World, Hong Kong
  • 17 April 2018, Hong Kong Family Law Association. Paper presented: The changing of the face of the international child abduction
  • 27 April 2018, Australia Awards Leadership Forum, Improving Women’s and Children’s access to the formal Justice system. Panellist: The best interests of the child
  • 21 May 2018, visit to the Court by Commissioner Ro Allen, Victorian Commissioner for Gender and Sexuality, who gave a presentation to a gathering of some 26 judges from several jurisdictions on LGBTI inclusion, hosted by DCJ Alstergren
  • 29 May 2018, information session for scholars of the China Legal Executive Program, Melbourne
  • 31 May 2018, guest presenter, Graduation Ceremony, China Legal Executive Program, Melbourne
  • 7 June 2018, Australian Intercultural Society, Iftar Ramadan home dinner
  • 14–15 June 2018, National Judicial College of Australia, training for Magistrates. Paper presented: Applying family law – Parenting and property
  • 21 June 2018, co-hosted with International Social Service Australia and Victoria Legal Aid, a visit to the Court by consular representatives and a presentation on international parental child abduction, the 1980 Hague Convention and services available to assist clients
  • June 2018, article for the Judges’ Newsletter, HCCH: A better place for the child in return proceedings under the 1980 Convention – a perspective from Australia
  • 4 June 2018, Victorian Parliament, Iftar dinner, hosted by the Hon Robin Scott MLA and Mrs Inga Peulich MLC, in conjunction with the Australian Intercultural Society

The Honourable Justice Forrest

Conferences or events attended during the year

  • 5–6 October 2017, FCoA, Judges’ Annual Conference, Melbourne
  • 21 February 2017, Queensland Drug and Alcohol Court, Official Opening, Brisbane
  • 9 April 2018, Brisbane Family Law Centre, Creativity and the Law (Fundraiser), Brisbane
  • 11–12 May 2018, Family Law Practitioners Association, Family Law Retreat 2018, Noosa. Paper presented: Stanford – Is it the blockbuster that everyone thinks?
  • 15 May 2018, LawRight, Queensland Legal Walk, Brisbane
  • June 2018, CPE Conferences, Europe Asia Conference, Portofino, Italy

The Honourable Justice Hogan

Conferences or events attended during the year

  • 17 February 2018, Salvos Legal Humanitarian Queensland, Humanitarian and Family Law Conference, Brisbane. Paper presented: What, why and how: The essentials for preparation and presentation in proceedings under the Family Law Act 1975 (Cth)
  • 2 March 2018, Bar Association of Queensland, 2018 Annual Conference, Family Law Stream, Brisbane. Group leader
  • 12 May 2018, Family Law Practitioners Association, Family Law Retreat, Noosa. Paper presented: Cases update – The ‘must read’ cases in family law
  • 25 May 2018, Legal Aid Hague Mediations Discussion, Brisbane

The Honourable Justice Thornton

Professional and other memberships

  • Judicial Conference of Australia
  • Australian Association of Women Judges

Conferences or events attended during the year

  • 5–6 October 2017, FCoA, Annual Judges Conference, Melbourne

The Honourable Justice Hannam

Professional and other memberships

  • Australasian Institute of Judicial Administration
  • Judicial Conference of Australia
  • Australian Association of Women Judges
  • Board Member, Taldumande Youth Service

Conferences or events attended during the year

  • 4–6 October 2017, Annual Judges Conference, Melbourne
  • 7–8 October 2017, Judicial Conference of Australia, Colloquium, Hobart
  • 29 November 2017, Westmead Hospital, NSW Department of Health, Youth Health Forum, Sydney. Paper presented: Family breakup – Supporting young people through separation and conflict
  • 7 March 2018 and 30 May 2018, FCoA, continuing legal education, Parramatta. Paper presented: Crime pays: Finding and using material from associated criminal law proceedings
  • 23 March 2018, College of Law, Judges Day continuing professional development, Sydney. Paper presented: Supervising and suspending time … precaution or overkill?
  • 25–29 March 2018, Australia Awards Leadership Forum, Improving Women’s & Children’s Access to the Formal Justice System, Vanuatu
  • 3–4 May 2018, Australia Awards Leadership Forum, Improving Women’s & Children’s Access to the Formal Justice System, Melbourne

The Honourable Justice McClelland

Conferences or events attended during the year

  • 8 February 2018, Australian Disputes Centre, Opening address for 2018, Sydney. Paper presented: Reasonableness: The foundation of all advocacy
  • 24–26 May 2018, Australasian Institute of Judicial Administration, Forces of Change – Defining Future Justice, Brisbane
  • 7 June 2018, Legal wise seminars, Family Law Conference, Sydney. Paper presented: Opportunities to invoke the accrued jurisdiction of the Family Court

The Honourable Justice Carew

Professional and other memberships

  • Association of International Family Law Judges
  • Judicial Conference of Australia
  • Australian Law Reform Commission Committee
  • Ethics Committee
  • Court Policy Committee

Conferences or events attended during the year

  • 13–15 July 2017, Queensland Law Society and Family Law Practitioners Association, Family Law Residential 2017, Gold Coast. Acted in the role of moderator in the Great Debate: I have the most important job in the family law system! Presenter of Tips from the Bench: 10 ways to improve your written evidence
  • 5–6 October 2017, FCoA, National Judge’s Conference, Melbourne
  • 29 November 2017, Land Court of Queensland, Concurrent evidence of experts, Brisbane
  • 28 February 2018, Child Dispute Services, Children’s Memory, Brisbane
  • 9 March 2018, Queensland Law Society, Queensland Law Society Symposium 2018, Brisbane. Paper presented: Snapshots from the Bench
  • 19–21 March 2018, National Judicial College of Australia, Writing Better Judgments, Perth
  • 2 May 2018, Child Protection Practitioners Association of Queensland, Interviewing children and young people: Lessons from the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, Brisbane
  • 8 May 2018, Child Dispute Services, Children’s Memory, Brisbane
  • 11–12 May 2018, Family Law Practitioners Association, Family Law Retreat, Noosa. Paper presented: Case Update – The ‘must read’ cases in family law

The Honourable Justice Gill

Conferences or events attended during the year

  • 11–13 October 2017, Family Court for New Zealand, New Zealand Family Court Triennial Family Law Conference, Christchurch, New Zealand
  • November 2017, ACT Supreme Court, Panel for the appointment of an ACT Supreme Court Judge, Canberra
  • 6 March 2018, ACT Policing and Clinical Forensic Medical Services, 2018 Strangulation Prevention and Intervention dinner meeting, Canberra
  • 4 April 2018, Domestic Violence Prevention Council, Domestic Violence Policy Committee, extraordinary meeting, Canberra

The Honourable Justice Baumann AM

Professional and other memberships

  • Treasurer, Judicial Conference of Australia

Conferences or events attended during the year

  • 16 February 2018, Gold Coast District Law Association Inc., Meet the judiciary breakfast, Gold Coast
  • 17 February 2018, Salvos Legal, Salvos Legal Humanitarian and Family Law Conference, Brisbane. Paper presented: How to survive as a family lawyer
  • 24 May 2018, Australasian Institute of Judicial Administration, Forces of Change – Defining Future Justice Conference (oration only), Brisbane

Professional legal development

The Court’s judges contribute to professional legal development through their membership of, and participation in, professional and research-based associations.

Justice Benjamin from the Hobart registry continues to serve on the Academic Committee of College of Law, including the continuing development of Master qualifications for practitioners in family law. His Honour continues to be part of the Centre for Legal Studies Tasmanian Legal Practice Course and participated in a one-day moot in May 2018 with the students.

Justice Bennett from the Melbourne registry was appointed as an Officer in the General Division of the Order of Australia (AO), for “distinguished service to the judiciary and to the law, to the improvement of the family law system and child protection, to legal education, and to improving access to justice for indigenous families”. Justice Bennett is a Continuing Presidential Member of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal; member of the Judicial Officers’ Aboriginal Cultural Awareness Committee; member of the Magistrates Court of Victoria, Family Violence Taskforce; member of the Judicial Advisory Group on Family Violence; and member of the Court’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Outreach Committee and Court Education Committee.

Justice Ainslie-Wallace from the Sydney registry is Master of the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple London; Fellow of the Australian Academy of Law; Chair, College of Law Master of Applied Law (Family Law) Advisory Committee; Adjunct Professor of Law, University of Technology Sydney; Chair of the Australian Advocacy Institute; Chair of the Australian Advocacy Institute Management Committee; Visiting Faculty Member, National Institute for Trial Advocacy (USA); Committee Member, National Judicial College of Australia Dialogues Program; Steering Committee Member, National Judicial College of Australia Family Violence Training Program; Council Member, National Judicial College of Australia; and University of Technology Sydney High Achievers Mentoring Program mentor.

Judges are also involved in the development and conduct of the National Judicial Orientation Program, delivered through the National Judicial College, and teaching for other judicial education bodies throughout Australia.

Judges regularly present to law societies and bar associations in their respective jurisdictions, as well as holding informal meetings with members of the legal profession and participating in stakeholder meetings. Judges are often asked to speak at secondary schools and lecture at law schools about particular topics and their work generally.

Justice Bennett from the Melbourne registry is one of the Hague Network Judges for Australia, Chief Justice John Pascoe AC CVO and the Hon Deputy Chief Justice William Alstergren being the others.

During 2017–18, Justice Bennett undertook direct judicial communication with the following countries:

  • Canada
  • Germany
  • Hong Kong
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Philippines, and
  • Spain.

Justice Bennett also undertook the following general judicial network communications:

  • Japan – response to query from Japanese academic in relation to Australian procedures.
  • Italy – query in relation to a request from the Australian Central Authority as to progress of a matter.
  • Canada – request for copy of Canadian Court Order in a parenting matter now in the FCoA.
  • Finalised the coordinating project to prepare a photographic profile of all International Hague Network Judges for dissemination to the network judges ahead of the 2017 Special Commission. The profile was disseminated at the 2017 Special Commission to all attending Hague Network Judges and passed on to non-attendees through their country representatives.
* Activities from Chief Justice Pascoe’s time as Chief Judge of the FCC have been included in this section.

Appendix 5

External involvement

The Family Court of Australia (FCoA) has a number of strategies for strengthening its partnerships with clients and other stakeholders within the family law system, such as legal practitioners, non-government organisations, and government agencies and departments.

External stakeholders at the strategic level influence, either directly or indirectly, the direction of the family law system within Australia. They include:

  • the Attorney-General’s Department
  • other government departments and agencies
  • child welfare authorities
  • the Department of Human Services
  • legal services commissions and community legal centres
  • law societies and the Law Council of Australia
  • community-based and non-government organisations, and
  • the Australian Federal Police.

Relationships with these groups are managed either by the Chief Justice, other judges or the Chief Executive Officer and Principal Registrar on behalf of the Chief Justice.

There are several established channels through which external stakeholders can inform the Court and affect its processes and client service delivery, including the following.

Family Law Council

The Family Law Council, established by the Attorney-General under s 115 of the Family Law Act 1975, confers with the Court in the course of its consideration of particular aspects of family law.

Australian Institute of Family Studies

The Australian Institute of Family Studies was established under s 114B of the Family Law Act and is a forum for exchange of information and research.

Family Law Section of the Law Council of Australia

The Chief Justice meets quarterly with the Family Law Section of the Law Council of Australia.

Appendix 6

International cooperation

Memorandum of understanding on judicial collaboration

A memorandum of understanding (MOU) on judicial collaboration was signed between the Supreme Court of Indonesia, the Family Court of Australia (FCoA) and the Federal Court of Australia on 31 July 2017.

As part of the Australia Indonesia Partnership for Justice II (AIPJ2), funded by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade through Australia’s aid program, the FCoA, under the MOU, will engage with the Supreme Court of Indonesia and the jurisdictions it supervises in the following key areas:

  • To support the Supreme Court Working Group on Women and Children to improve the quality of services and judicial decisions in cases affecting women and children.
  • To support the improvement of the quality of services and outcomes in cases involving women and children in the Religious and General Courts related to:
    • domestic violence issues
    • marriage legalisation cases
    • disputes involving custody and maintenance of children, and
    • other family law and children’s matters.
  • To support the Supreme Court to present trend data on access to justice and the quality of services and outcomes in Indonesia for women, children and people living with disability.

In March 2018, Justice Margaret Cleary, along with the Hon Takdir Rahmadi, Deputy Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Indonesia, launched the publication 12 Years of Innovation in Women’s Access to the Family Courts of Indonesia which highlights the successes of the cooperation between the courts over the past 12 years.

On International Women’s Day, Justice Cleary, along with the Hon Takdir Rahmadi, participated in a Jakarta workshop that saw the launch of the Supreme Court Practice Direction on Women before the Law (PERMA 3/2017) Handbook. This handbook is aimed at providing Indonesian judges with guidance on the principles to consider when hearing and deciding cases involving women before the law. Principles include the appreciation of human dignity; non-discrimination; gender equality; equality before the law; and justice and legal certainty. The Practice Direction also aims to assist judges in identifying instances of unequal treatment resulting in discrimination against women and the implementation of a judicial system that guarantees women’s right to equal access to justice.

In 2018–19, the FCoA, along with law and development partners, will continue to work with the Supreme Court and Indonesian community service organisations (CSOs) and disabled people’s organisations (DPOs) to facilitate national and regional consultations on the sex and disability disaggregated data that will be collected and analysed from cases before the courts in 2017.

These consultations will allow women’s CSOs and DPOs to see how women and people living with disability are represented in cases coming before the Indonesian courts and to better understand the barriers and challenges that remain to be addressed. The activity will collect, present and analyse information in a way that has not previously occurred before and will provide new quantitative and qualitative insights into a range of civil and criminal cases involving women and girls.

Australia Awards Fellowships: Improving Women's Access to the Formal Justice System in the Pacific

The FCoA, under the Australia Awards Fellowships, hosted 15 judges, CSO lawyers and social workers from Fiji and Vanuatu in Melbourne from 22 April to 5 May 2018. The two-week program looked at improving women’s access to the formal justice system in family law and violence matters.

The Australia Awards Fellowship Improving Women’s Access to the Formal Justice System in the Pacific aims to strengthen the ability of key stakeholders in Fiji and Vanuatu to advocate for the development, effective budgeting and implementation of national strategies on increasing access to the formal justice system for women and girls to address their family law and violence matters.

The activities in the Fellowship are designed to address many of the recommendations from the research undertaken in 2016–17 in Fiji and Vanuatu in collaboration with key women’s organisations dedicated to ending violence against women.

For more information, see:

Women and Children’s Access to the Formal Justice System in Vanuatu, UN Women (August 2016) asiapacific.unwomen.org/en/digital-library/publications/2016/07/women-and-childrens-access-to-the-formal-justice-system-in-vanuatu.

Balancing the Scales: Improving Fijian Women’s Access to Justice, Fiji Women’s Rights Movement (November 2017) www.fwrm.org.fj/images/fwrm2017/publications/analysis/Balancing-the-Scales-Report_FINAL-Digital.pdf.

The Fellowship was supported by a two-day judicial training program in Suva which was chaired by the Hon Chief Justice Anthony Gates and attended by the Hon Justices Ryan and Austin and judges and magistrates from the Family Division of the Fiji Courts.

Some of the issues covered included:

  • the provision of information to women on how to access the formal justice system for family law and violence matters
  • access to legal advisory services through para-legal clinics, legal aid and pro-bono private legal services
  • the physical environment for the hearing of family law and family violence matters to ensure the safety of all litigants, expert witnesses, court staff and judicial officers
  • judgments in family law and gender-based violence cases and ways to reduce the influence of gender stereotypes and forms of cultural reconciliation in these cases and their impact on sentencing, and
  • transparency through the collection of disaggregated data that will identify trends in women, vulnerable children and people living with disability being able to access the formal justice system.

The Hon Justice Hilary Hannam provided support to the Vanuatu Fellows with a visit to Port Villa where she met with the Vanuatu Supreme Court, as well as government and non-government organisations that support a range of essential services for women, vulnerable children and people with disability to gain a better understanding of the barriers women and children in Vanuatu face when seeking to access the formal justice system to address their family law and violence matters.

Photo of the Signing of the 2017–2020 trilateral MOU on Australia-Indonesia judicial cooperation, Melbourne, July 2017

Signing of the 2017–2020 trilateral MOU on Australia-Indonesia judicial cooperation, Melbourne, July 2017.

The publication, 12 years of Innovation, highlights achievements under the Australia-Indonesia judicial cooperation, Jakarta, March 2018.

Photo of attendees of a two-day workshop with the Fiji judiciary on improving women's and children's access to the formal justice system in Fiji

Two-day workshop with the Fiji judiciary on improving women’s and children’s access to the formal justice system in Fiji.

Viran Molisa Trief, Program Coordinator (Justice); Pacco Siri, Acting Director General; Justice Hilary Hannam, Family Court of Australia; and Leisha Lister, Law and Development Partners, at the Vanuatu Ministry of Justice and Community Service

Viran Molisa Trief, Program Coordinator (Justice); Pacco Siri, Acting Director General; Justice Hilary Hannam, Family Court of Australia; and Leisha Lister, Law and Development Partners, at the Vanuatu Ministry of Justice and Community Service.

Appendix 7

Contact details

Chief Justice’s Chambers

Lionel Bowen Building
97–99 Goulburn Street
Sydney NSW 2001
(GPO Box 9991, Sydney NSW 2001)

National Enquiry Centre

The National Enquiry Centre (NEC) is the entry point for all telephone and email enquiries for Family Court of Australia and Federal Circuit Court of Australia matters. The NEC provides information and procedural advice, forms and brochures, and referrals to community and support services. NEC staff cannot provide legal advice. The NEC is open from 8.30am to 5.00pm Monday to Friday.

PO Box 9991, Parramatta NSW 2124
Phone: 1300 352 000

Link to live chat
Need help with Family Law? Chat Online

TTY/voice calls: Contact the National Relay Service on 133 677 or for Speak and Listen calls contact 1300 555 727

International: +61 2 8892 8590

Email: enquiries@familylawcourts.gov.au

Family Court website: www.familycourt.gov.au

Twitter: @FamilyCourtAU

YouTube: www.youtube.com/user/familycourtAU

Family law registries

Australian Capital Territory

Canberra

Nigel Bowen Commonwealth Law Courts
Cnr University Ave and Childers Street
Canberra ACT 2600
(GPO Box 9991, Canberra ACT 2601)

New South Wales

Albury

Level 1, 463 Kiewa Street
Albury NSW 2640
(PO Box 914, Albury NSW 2640)

Dubbo

Cnr Macquarie and Wingewarra Streets
Dubbo NSW 2830
(PO Box 1567, Dubbo NSW 2830)

Lismore

Level 2, 29–31 Molesworth Street
Lismore NSW 2480
(PO Box 9, Lismore NSW 2480)

Newcastle

61 Bolton Street
Newcastle NSW 2300
(PO Box 9991, Newcastle NSW 2300)

Parramatta

Garfield Barwick Commonwealth Law Courts
1–3 George Street
Parramatta NSW 2124
(PO Box 9991, Parramatta NSW 2124)

Sydney

Lionel Bowen Commonwealth Law Courts
97–99 Goulburn Street
Sydney NSW 2000
(GPO Box 9991, Sydney NSW 2001)

Wollongong

Level 1, 43 Burelli Street
Wollongong NSW 2500
(PO Box 825, Wollongong NSW 2500)

Northern Territory

Alice Springs

Westpoint Building
Cnr Railway Terrace and Stott Terrace
Alice Springs NT 0870
(GPO Box 9991, Darwin NT 0801)

Darwin

Supreme Court Building
State Square
Darwin NT 0800
(GPO Box 9991, Darwin NT 0801)

Queensland

Brisbane

Harry Gibbs Commonwealth Law Courts
119 North Quay
Brisbane QLD 4000
(GPO Box 9991, Brisbane QLD 4001)

Cairns

Commonwealth Government Centre
Level 3 and 4, 104 Grafton Street
Cairns QLD 4870
(PO Box 9991, Cairns QLD 4870)

Rockhampton

Virgil Power Building
Ground Floor
46 East Street (Cnr Fitzroy Street)
Rockhampton QLD 4700
(PO Box 9991, Rockhampton QLD 4700)

Townsville

Level 2, Commonwealth Centre
143 Walker Street
Townsville QLD 4810
(PO Box 9991, Townsville QLD 4810)

South Australia

Adelaide

Roma Mitchell Commonwealth Law Courts
3 Angas Street
Adelaide SA 5000
(GPO Box 9991, Adelaide SA 5001)

Tasmania

Hobart

Edward Braddon Commonwealth Law Courts
39–41 Davey Street
Hobart TAS 7000
(GPO Box 9991, Hobart TAS 7001)

Launceston

Level 3, ANZ Building
Cnr Brisbane and George Streets
Launceston TAS 7250
(PO Box 9991, Launceston TAS 7250)

Victoria

Dandenong

53–55 Robinson Street
Dandenong VIC 3175
(PO Box 9991, Dandenong VIC 3175)

Melbourne

Owen Dixon Commonwealth Law Courts
305 William Street
Melbourne VIC 3000
(GPO Box 9991, Melbourne VIC 3001)

Western Australia

Perth

Family Court of Western Australia
Peter Durack Commonwealth Law Courts
150 Terrace Road
Perth WA 6000
(GPO Box 9991, Perth WA 6848)

Appendix 8

Information required by other legislation

Legislation

Page reference

Freedom of Information Act 1982

72–73, 74

Public Service Act 1999

60, 85, 86

Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013

5, 68

Family Law Act 1975

5, 10, 16, 34, 43, 50, 60, 67, 68, 73, 89, 104

Privacy Act 1988

74

Federal Court of Australia Act 1976

116

Courts Administration Legislation Amendment Act 2016

11

Courts Legislation Amendment (Judicial Complaints) Act 2012

39